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Debt is a financial obligation from one party to another. In business, debt commonly arises after one party borrows money which must be repaid with interest. When a company issues a debt instrument, such as a bond, they are borrowing money by selling the security in exchange for a predetermined repayment schedule. Debt can also occur as a result of purchases which haven’t been paid for yet. A company’s debt is one of the main factors investors consider to determine the risk of the company going bankrupt.