Bitcoin Terms Beginning with R

A recession is one of the two parts of a business cycle. Officially, a recession occurs once there have been two consecutive quarters of a decline in the gross domestic product (GDP).

A redeem script is the script used to unlock bitcoin sent to a P2SH address. A P2SH transaction locks bitcoin to the hash of a redeem script.

The Regression Test Network (regtest) is a parallel blockchain to the Bitcoin blockchain. Regtest is most similar to testnet, but it is used solely for private development.

Rehypothecation is when a custodian loans out more assets or cash deposits than they actually own. For example, a prime brokerage will rehypothecate securities posted with them as collateral by a hedge fund for the brokerages transactions and trades.

A reorganization, often shortened to reorg, occurs when a block is removed from the blockchain because a longer chain has been created. This is a damaging event to the Bitcoin network and especially to the miner(s) who mined the removed block(s) as they lose the block reward from that block.

A Replace-by-Fee transaction allows the sender of a transaction to raise the fee after submitting the transaction to the network in order to speed up the confirmation time. This can only be done when the transaction is still in the mempool.

A request-for-quote (RFQ) is a request to see the price of a proposed trade. A potential trader will submit an RFQ to a dealer that indicates an asset, quantity, and direction.

The reserve ratio is a requirement set by a country’s central bank that determines what portion of deposits a bank must keep on hand at any moment. The reserve ratio determines the money multiplier.

Resistance is a price level that is expected to serve as a maximum in the short term. This level is an estimate, not a guarantee.

The risk-free rate is the rate of return an investor can receive from an investment which is considered to be riskless. In the United States, the risk-free rate is often referring to the yield on the three-month U.S. Treasury bill.

The Round Amounts Heuristic, otherwise known as the Change Output Heuristic is used in chain analysis to track ownership of bitcoin across transactions.